Granite: Types, Colors, Kitchen and Bathroom
Granite is a stone widely used in home decoration. After all, your look is attractive, and your stamina is incredible! In this text, we will introduce you to everything about the material, including the numerous types of granite available on the market. Follow us!
Granite: what is it?
Granites are rocks formed by minerals such as quartz, feldspar and mica. The product is natural, extracted from the interior of the earth’s crust. Its formation happened over the years, with the slow solidification of magma inside the earth.
“Granite” is a name originating from the Latin “granum”. Its meaning is “grainy”, something that refers directly to the appearance of the pieces. Its look is marked by small points of color, which mix and create the final texture of the material. When touched, the granite is rough and also grainy.
The use of stone began many centuries ago. Used by the Egyptians, granite was quite interesting for the construction of monuments and tombs of the Pharaohs. Both for its modeling ability and for its incredible colorful beauty. In the Middle Ages, its use was widespread for the construction of churches and buildings.
Granite pieces can be found on the market in different colors. The most common are those with shades of gray, brown, white and black. In addition to these, there are red, yellow, blue and pink.
The different tones vary according to the extraction batch. So it is interesting to buy all the plates at once. Otherwise, there may be significant changes in the pigmentation of different plates. Blue World City offers its investors the opportunity to decorate their homes to their liking.
The entire Brazilian territory has the extraction of granite. In each of the locations, the rock varies in shades. In Bahia, the most requested pieces extracted are the blue ones; in São Paulo, there is the green – Ubatuba; and in Minas Gerais, the color Lilac-Gerais.
Features and uses of granite
One of the most interesting characteristics of granite is its high degree of hardness. It has a level 7 on the moles scale, which indicates incredible resistance to risks and impacts. On this scale, the maximum level is 9, which characterizes the diamond.
Another highlight of the material is its small liquid absorption index. So, even if the individual spills a lot of liquid on the stone, it will be easy to clean it.
There are several uses of granite in the home. It can be applied to the floor, countertops, walls, stairs and bathtubs. Because it is very resistant, it is also indicated for outdoor spaces, even if that space has an incidence of sunlight or rain.
Granite versus Marble
It is common for granite and marble to be confused by consumers. After all, the two options are stones widely used in countertops, stairs or tables. However, the parts have different characteristics and must be well evaluated before purchase. This way, you will be sure that you are getting what is really needed.
To begin with, granite is harder than marble. For this reason, it cannot be scratched, which happens easily with marble. Thus, granite is the best alternative for kitchen countertops, for example, since pots and knives cannot scratch it.
On the other hand, granite is more porous than its counterpart. Thus, it is more susceptible to water or fat stains, although this is not so common. Just apply a specific product to ensure the best impermeability of the stone.
The colorings of the materials also differ. Granite has colors mixed with small dots, and has black dots that stand out. The marble has a more uniform color, despite having some veins of more intense color.
In addition to these, there is a difference in composition between the materials. Granite is basically composed of three materials: quartz, feldspar and mica. Marble, on the other hand, originates from limestone, which has undergone great temperature and pressure. Its color varies according to the ores present in it.
See the complete guide: Difference between Marble and Granite
Types of Granite
Know now the most used types of granite and their main characteristics.
Yellow Granite Capri
Currently, you can find several granite models of different colors, the first of which is Capri yellow. This type of granite looks beautiful in the decoration but requires a little more caution in its use. That’s because yellow is a strong color, you need to keep an eye out so you don’t end up overdoing it.
In the case of Capri yellow granite, as the name says, it has a very strong yellow and several small black dots. It is very similar to the Griallo Antico granite, so it can be easily confused.
If you decide to opt for this granite, it is legal to use it on the countertop or in the kitchen sink. And due to having this very strong color, you can choose to add white cabinets so as not to make the environment so dark. White granite
Many people try to find a granite that is absolute white, but the truth is that unfortunately, it does not exist. All granites have a small brown or black speck. But what you can find are the ones that are white and have very clear and separate spots. So making it look like it’s almost an absolute white.
A great example of such a granite model is Itaunas. It has only a few very light spots, but for the most part it is white. For this reason, many of the people who search for absolute white granite, end up opting for Itaunas.
Another model of granite that is also quite white is Dallas. Dallas has some stronger and more apparent spots, however, it still has a good amount of white, being beautiful in the decoration.
Therefore, if you are looking for a white granite, it is interesting to check these two models.
Absolute white granite
For many people, the ideal piece for home decoration would be made of absolute white granite. Beautiful, elegant and uniform in color. The alternative, however, does not exist. After all, granite is composed of a series of colored dots, which together form the stone. Especially since the stone is natural.
If, then, the goal is a completely white material, it is better to look for another type of stone. Like marble, which despite having veins of colors, comes close to absolute white. Or industrialized stones, such as quartz or marmoglass.
Bahia beige granite
For people who want to bet on beige granite, Bahia beige is a great alternative for you to bet on. This model does not have as many spots as most granites. On the contrary, it has a texture that looks like a kind of breaks, with some abstract lines.
Bahia beige granite has a very dark color, so it needs to be used with caution as well. If you want to bet on this model, it is interesting that the furniture that accompanies it is white, precisely to make the environment lighter.
Black São Gabriel
Finding a granite that is absolute black is also what people are looking for. After all, black granite is beautiful in the environment, especially if it does not have so many details in its texture.
São Gabriel black granite is the most sought-after model. That’s because it has an incredible color and is almost entirely black, thus making it more beautiful in the decoration.
Although black is a strong color, it does not require so much care when composing the environment. Mainly because the black kitchen has become a trend and you can take the opportunity to use it on the countertop and in the sink.
A tip if you want to make a black kitchen is to use São Gabriel granite and place the black cabinets without much detail. And in the background, on the walls, you can paint them all in white, thus creating an incredible contrast between colors.
Samoa granite color
The next color of granite that I separated is Samoa, being another model that is also very popular. In the case of Samoa granite, it has several apparent details and the bottom has a tone pulled to beige.
This granite model is even clearer than Bage Bahia itself. Since it has a light color, but in compensation, the details are more apparent. However, if you are looking for an alternative like this, but that is not so exaggerated, Samoa is a great option for you to place in your kitchen, bathroom, or even on the floor of your home.
If you like white with some details, Branco Fortaleza is a great option. Unlike those looking for an absolute, it has several very apparent stains that, in turn, end up giving a true charm to the piece.
The cool thing about this granite model, is for those who want to use it in the decoration without leaving something totally white. It is great to use on the floor and also on door farms, thus creating a beautiful look.
Absolute brown granite
The next model of granite is the absolute brown, which is the least you can see spots and details in it. Absolute brown is a very strong color and it is difficult to see some stains, making it even more interesting for those who like this type of stone.
This type of granite is very good in decoration, especially in the kitchen, with it you can even make a brown kitchen model. But because it is an absolute tone, the ideal is that you use enough white items in the environment so as not to be exaggerated. Whether he wants to or not he ends up attracting a lot of attention.
If you want to bet on it and want to use tones analogous to brown, the ideal is that you look for a shade of beige or brown as light as possible. Because if you use a dark brown, it will end up getting too ugly and exaggerated in the environment.
And for those who think there is no blue granite, you can find the Norwegian blue color. This granite has a very dark blue tone reaching black. It has some white spots and spots, which helps to lighten and leave it with more beautiful details.
For the use of this granite it is essential that your environment has shades of blue or at least use complementary colors. This is because when you use primary tones in the environment – even if it is darker – it is essential that the other colors are talking to each other. Otherwise, your decoration may not be as nice.
Another type of granite that is not as well known for you to bet on is the Swallow Gray which is a grayish shade pulled to brown. This granite model has several stains and spots, which ends up making the piece more beautiful.
Because it has many stains, it is great to put in small details of the decorations. For example, a shelf or in the corners of the doors.
Ocher Itabira is a brown granite with several black spots. This stone model also has a slightly stronger color which can end up leaving the decoration exaggerated.
Therefore, if you like this material, the ideal is that you try to pay attention to the composition of the other furniture, so that it can match the rest of the decoration.
White Ivory is a great stone for those looking for a clearer and simpler decoration. It has few stains and thus causes white to prevail in the stone.
In addition, it is much easier to assemble a decoration than the other types. Since it is white, almost any color you use with it looks great. So if you have a little difficulty decorating and composing an environment, you can bet on White Ivory.
San Francisco Real
The São Francisco Real, has a white color, but pulled to the yellowish. This type of stone is not so popular, but it also looks beautiful in the decoration. The great thing is to pay attention to the other elements of the environment and especially where you are going to place it.
A great place to put the São Francisco Real is on the ground. However, instead of placing it on the entire floor, the interesting thing is to use it only in some details.
For example, if you have an American kitchen, you can place a strip of São Francisco Real between the half wall with the wall in front. This will limit the environment and even complement the decor making it look beautiful.
But if you choose this model, the ideal is that you use this same material in other details to make the decoration more interesting.
In addition, a cool way to add more details with this granite is to invest in decorative objects. For example, you can make a plant pot out of granite, or using paper that simulates it. In addition to being able to make other items totally creative.
The Colors of Granite
The colors of granite available on the market are the most varied. Basically, the classification of the material is done through these shades, since each one of them ends up presenting different characteristics.
There is, for example, the so-called Ornamental Yellow Granite. With a pinkish yellowish background and some brown spots, the piece has low porosity and low water absorption. Flexible and easy to cut, the option is interesting for floors, walls, tables and stairs.
Yellow Granites Icaraí, in turn, are interesting for kitchen and bathroom countertops. As well as Absolute Brown Granite, which is also indicated for barbecue grills. Its hue is beautiful and elegant.
Shades of blue are often the most sought after and “difficult” to find. Its hue is guaranteed by blue, black and brown dots, while the background is grayish.
Black pieces can be chosen between two main types. Granite Black São Gabriel has great results for external spaces of the properties, as it adds a lot of sophistication to the project. For the use of an even darker material, the alternative is Absolute Black Granite. With low absorption, the piece is widely used for stairs and kitchen countertops.
When the goal is a clean decoration, the ideal is to use white granites. The White Granite Siena has white background and little pink spots. For a light greenish background, the most suitable option is White Ivory Granite. The look can be applied especially on floors, while the Granite White Itaúnas is suggested for outdoor environments. Itaúnas White Granite has greenish, gray and pink spots.
More granite shades
Other very common shades of white are Dallas White Granite and Fortaleza White Granite. Dallas has small black and purple tones, while Fortaleza has a white background and gray and black dots.
In addition to all these options, there are countless others. Like:
- Colonial Yellow Granite,
- Florence Yellow Granite,
- Yellow Gold Granite Brazil,
- Yellow Gold Granite Desert,
- Yellow Granite Santa Cecília BMG,
- Watercolor Granite,
- Blue Night Granite,
- Ceará White Granite,
- White Crystal Granite,
- Emerald White Granite,
- White Macaubas Granite,
- Ivory White Granite,
- Piracema White Granite, Imperial Coffee Granite,
- Callacata Granite, Imperial Chocolate Granite,
- Gray Swallow Granite,
- Corumbá Gray Granite,
- Corumbazinho Gray Granite,
- Itabira Gray Granite,
- Santa Rosa Gray Granite,
- Carioca Golden Granite,
- Ella Green Granite, Exodus Granite,
- Golden Macaubas Granite,
- Hawaii Granite,
- Ice Blue Granite,
- Absolute Brown Granite,
- Bahia Brown Granite,
- Black Gold Granite,
- Raisin Granite,
- Red Verona Granite,
- Bahia Green Granite,
- Green Candeias,
- Brasília Red.
Each of the tonal alternatives does quite well in the application in the most varied environments. On the floor of an ample environment, granite delivers incredible elegance. On the stairs, the steps become part of the decor. In the kitchen, the product facilitates everyday life, delivering a safe and resistant support.
When choosing shades, there are two options. The first is to combine granite with the predominant color in the property. The option makes it more difficult to make a mistake in the composition. The mix of tones, choosing a contrasting with the decoration, is equally interesting. However, it must be done with greater care, as the contrast can “weigh” the environment. When in doubt, consult some ideas at the end of this text.
Types of white granite
In addition to the granites Branco Siena, Marfim, Fortaleza and Itaúnas, already mentioned, the market offers several other options of pieces in this shade. Polar White Granite, for example, is one of the clearest white alternatives. With widely spaced black and gray spots, pieces of this type tend to be more expensive, as their extraction is restricted. Either way, it works incredibly well for cleaner environments, as it accentuates the clarity of the space.
White Aqualux materials, as far as they are concerned, have a light beige background and beige dots. The look of the pieces is quite uniform, and suitable for floors, stairs and benches.
Whatever the type of white granite chosen, its application offers great beauty and breadth of the environment. Especially since the light color illuminates the space. If necessary, it is possible to perform a new polishing of the part, which will create greater reflection and enhance the visual aspect of cleaning.
Among the advantages of using granite is its resistance to impacts and abrasion. There is, however, a problem: the product can absorb liquids, remaining stained by products such as vinegar or soda. To avoid such situations, it is interesting to waterproof the structure. To do so, just contact a professional or company specializing in the product, so that he then performs the waterproofing.
In order to remove dirt from the granite, the consumer should use water, clean cloth, neutral soap and detergent. After cleaning, the surface should receive a new wipe, only this time clean and moist. It is essential to avoid abrasive products, as they can damage the part.
It is also important to note that with each extraction, the shades of white may vary. Regardless of your type. So, if your goal is to use the same shade for the entire property, make the purchase of the material at once.
Types of black granite
As previously mentioned, black granite can be chosen from two main options. There is São Gabriel, with a medium level of uniformity; and Absolute Black. The almost uniform characteristic of the second occurs due to its formation with very small grains, which hardly appear separately.
In addition to this almost homogeneous color, Absolute Black has the advantage of being easy to change. If part of the part breaks, it is possible to replace only the damaged side. This is because the colors are generally identical, even if the products come from different extraction batches.
Other alternatives have “veins”, making granite pieces very similar to marble. This is the case of the granite known as Milky Way, the Indian and the Black Star. Among these, the Black Star has the thickest veins; the Indian has medium-sized veins; and the Milky Way thinner. The marks vary between shades such as white and woody.
In addition, there is the black diamond granite, considered an intermediate material between the São Gabriel and the Absolute Black. Here, the intensity of black is more evident, as well as its formation grains.
Finally, there is the Aracruz granite, which has very apparent grains. Its coloring is less intense, as it mixes black dots and several lighter ones.
Black granite care
In order to maintain the beauty of black granite, it is essential to dedicate some special care to the pieces. This is because its darker tone tends to “fade” over time, becoming whitish. So, in order to maintain its shine for longer, it is important, first, to keep the structure clean. This cleaning should be carried out only with water and neutral detergent, as this will prevent stains.
An equally important measure is to avoid thermal shock on the stone. Especially on the kitchen counter. Excessive heat on the material can leave marks on the surface. The accumulation of water is also harmful, as the stone tends to absorb part of the excess liquid that accumulates on it.
It is also interesting to use wax indicated by the granite manufacturer, as this will protect the piece and reinvigorate its shine.
Granite colors for kitchen
Applying granite pieces in the kitchen is always a great option. The material can appear in the sink, such as table top, threshold or sill. It is also ideal for niches, floors, countertops in an American kitchen or with an island, or other surfaces.
Among the most suitable colors for this environment, we can highlight the lighter ones. Like shades of white or the Swallow Gray. Very dark granites, such as black or the Imperial Café, also create fantastic results. The choice of shade should take into account the decoration especially of the kitchen, but also of the house as a whole.
It is interesting to combine the stone with other furniture, such as cabinets, and also with the tones of the wall and floor. Or else invest in a piece of enormous contrast, as long as the objective is a striking and modern aspect. For cleaner kitchens, light pieces are the most suitable; for a touch of modernity, invest in the dark.
Café Imperial tone stones, for example, convey the feeling of sophistication. The piece matches a lot with a dark decoration, especially if it has pieces of metal, stainless steel or wood. Andorinha Gray, on the other hand, is indicated for a neutral and more classic cuisine.
For the kitchen, especially on the countertop, the ideal thickness of stone sheets is two centimeters. Adding a border of at least four centimeters can create a more robust look. Thus, the side of the structure gains greater resistance.
Granite colors for bathroom
In the bathroom, the application of granite is indicated especially with lighter colors. That means investing in shades of gray and white, for example. Pieces in brown or black, however, are also interesting, since the rest of the decoration of the space accompanies this touch of modernity.
Brown and black tones are also not ideal if the room is small. Dark tones end up making the space visually smaller.
Light granites, on the other hand, deserve special care. After all, the bathroom is a damp space, and excessive moisture can stain the stone. So, be sure to waterproof the granites installed in the toilet.
To apply the material, invest in the bathroom sink, on a countertop to support hygiene items, or even on the towel rack. The application in the sink can happen in several ways: first, the granite can form the sink basin, functioning as the complete piece of furniture. Another alternative is to embed the vat in the granite, creating a hole in the piece. Finally, you can choose to overlay the vat on granite, in an imposing blank. The last option mentioned is usually the most elegant and modern.
Granite: price m²
The price of a granite stone varies from region to region in the country, and also according to its color. Darker pieces tend to be more expensive, as they often have more limited extraction. Especially those with a blue tone, quite elegant.
Considering a 120 cm wide countertop, more “basic”, prices vary between approximately R $ 50 and R $ 60. The piece is interesting for installation in the kitchen.
Invariably, it is essential to research the cost of the option, and larger parts, before purchase. Specialized companies tend to offer different prices, especially when buying large quantities of granite.