How to Spend Mass? Wall and Ceiling!

September 16, 2021 by No Comments

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You do not need to be “well versed” in Civil Construction to have heard of rushing masses. It is the type of coating used to dent the walls, creating a smoother surface and with excellent sealing. But it is necessary to know how to properly apply spackle in order to obtain the best results or harm its renovation or construction.

Pasta is an industrial product produced by mixing water, calcite, CMC, paraffin, emulsions, bentonite, bactericide and other compounds. Most of these components have a sealing action in order to provide the main function of the putty: that of sealing a surface.

When applying spackle on the wall, the person responsible for the work obtains a smooth and uniform surface. But the product must always be used before painting the walls. Otherwise, the surface will be porous, absorbing much more liquid than necessary.

When a wall is not dented, it tends to show stains, due to the retention of paint in some areas. Thus, you can hardly get a pleasing effect visually, and it may require double work to fix this bad appearance. In that case, having to use the spackle, anyway, only on the paint and then paint the surface again.

In addition, non-dented wall can cause holes, holes, cracks and even differences in leveling. So, learn below how to properly apply spackle and avoid headaches with regard to these problems in your work!

What is Massa Corrida for?

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As previously mentioned, the spackle works as a preparation for the wall so that it can be painted. It is essential to level the surface and remove its porosity.

Since the material is white, it creates a “canvas” that is easier to fill with color. Color that, by the way, will remain more faithful to the one proposed by the manufacturer, something that would not happen so well if the paint was applied to a gray mortar wall.

Types of putty: PVA and acrylic

There are two main types of putty available on the market: acrylic putty and PVA putty, which are cheaper than others.

Its lower cost is due to the material not being indicated for humid areas, nor for those that have direct contact with rain, that is, outside areas.

Thus, this type of spackle is only suitable for indoor spaces. It can be applied to masonry, concrete, fiber cement or plaster bases, and is able to level the surface quite well. This means that the material can appear on the wall and ceiling.

Another characteristic of PVA putty is that it is easier to sand. Its finish is matte, favoring the application of any paint without any influence on its color.

The acrylic spackle is ideal for outdoor spaces. It offers resistance to rain, moisture and other types of natural factors, as it promotes complete sealing of the surface on which it is applied.

Before applying this type of material, however, special care must be taken. When we say that it promotes complete sealing of the wall, it means that it covers all pores and any type of breathing of it.

Thus, if there is moisture accumulated there, it can develop infiltration and mold on the wall. Therefore, make sure that there is no water accumulation on the surface. If so, fix the problem and wait for the area to dry completely before applying the putty.

Other types of spackle

In addition to acrylic and PVA, it is possible to find four other types of grease. Like the plastic dough, which is used to glue pieces such as sinks and vases. It is also indicated to correct imperfections in marble, granite or water tanks.

In the case of Multipurpose putty, the indication is also for laying, towing or covering walls and ceilings. The difference here is that the putty has a faster application, and its finishing is simpler to be carried out.

For wood, there is specific mass. It is indicated to correct imperfections in wooden pieces. In order to facilitate this work, the market offers colored masses, which resemble different types of wood. Thus, the repair of the surface is almost imperceptible.

Finally, there is the spackle for caulking. The product is indicated for the correction of deeper damages, such as cracks, holes, cracks and crevices. It adheres well to different materials, such as mortar, glass, metals and plastic. In the case of surfaces with polyethylene or silicone, the product should be avoided.

It is interesting to say that, in addition to the white classic, there are colorful racing masses. They aim to avoid the need for wall painting. Thus, the shade offered by the product will be that with which the decoration of your space will be enhanced.

Incidentally, the decoration of the spaces also wins when the spackle is used to create textures. In this case, the application should not be made with leveling, but creating “drawings” on the wall. Colored or to be painted later, this mass creates a beautiful visual to the space.

When buying your spackle, remember to review all of these types of product. Thus, you will be sure to purchase the appropriate material for your work.

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How to prepare the surface to receive the spackle

Regardless of the type of putty chosen, it is essential to prepare the wall that will receive it. This must be done first by cleaning the surface. With a damp cloth, remove mildew, moisture, dust, and anything else that is polluting the space.

Then, sand the wall with a coarse sandpaper, no. 180. This will remove the old paint and the putty used before. Afterward, clean the surface again, to remove the remaining dust.

If necessary, you can use neutral detergent to remove more “resistant” dirt. The mixture of water and chlorine is usually equally efficient.

To start the process of applying the putty, you will need some materials, such as:

  • a steel spatula;
  • a steel trowel;
  • more sandpaper of different thicknesses;
  • sealer;
  • paint roller;
  • spackling.

It is also important to protect your eyes and mouth with safety materials. Also wear closed clothes, a cap and gloves.

The entire process of using the grease itself begins with the application of the sealer on the wall. This is in case the wall has already been painted, or if it has direct contact with humidity on a daily basis.

The step must be performed with the paint roller. After passing the product on the surface, let it dry for 4 hours, or according to the time indicated by the manufacturer.

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How to prepare spaghetti

First of all you will have to choose the ideal version of spackle: for outdoor areas acrylic (resistant to weathering) and for indoor environments, PVA spackle. Generally, the spackle is already purchased ready to use. If this is not the case, follow the product manufacturer’s recommendations to prepare it.

Once this is done, follow the steps below:

How to pass the thin dough on the wall

  • Remove the spackle from the packaging with the help of a spatula and apply it on the surface with the aid of the trowel. If necessary, use ladders or scaffolding to high places;
  • Use the spatula and place the necessary amount of dough on the trowel;
  • The application of the material must start at the corner of the wall, towards the center;
  • Make sure that you are forming thin, even layers across the wall, the results are better with two coats. The first will correct all the most obvious imperfections, and the second will level out the small defects;
  • to avoid waste, apply the dough from the bottom up, so as not to drop it on the floor.

After overlapping, it is necessary to wait for about two minutes, and then remove the excess mass from the wall. This still needs to be done with the trowel.

It is recommended that you wait for this first layer to dry for 24 hours, and then apply a new coat on the surface. The second coat usually dries in approximately 3 hours. Then, just sand the wall with fine sandpaper, clean it and apply the desired paint.

From your goal to create texture on the wall, the process is the same. However, instead of leaving the application smooth and level, make different movements with the trowel.

Like circular movements, or straight ones interrupted halfway. The drying time here should be longer. Remember to test on a disposable surface before creating the definitive texture.

How to put pasta on the ceiling

Applying the spackle to the ceiling is the same process as the previous one. You need to clean the surface, sand it, use a sealer, apply two coats and let it dry.

The method will be more tiring, and will also require greater security. When using the dough overhead, it is even more important to protect the eyes and mouth, as the risk of product falling into these areas of the body is enormous.

Also pay attention to the use of ladders or scaffolding. The objects must be safe so that you can apply the dough without any risk of falling.

How to put pasta in the corners of the walls

The care in applying the spackle to the corners and corners of the walls needs to be tripled. This is because, the poor finish in these areas can completely damage the look of the space.

Still, the process is not much different from the previous ones. Here, you just need to know that after applying the masa in a corner, it usually accumulates between the walls that form the corner. Then, right after the application, it is necessary to run your finger at the meeting between these two walls, spreading the accumulated pass.

As a result, a marked line will be formed. With the spatula, you will need to undo this line, ensuring that the product is spread over the rest of the wall extension.

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It is also possible to use a special trowel for corners and corners. In this case, the process is faster and simpler, as the tool is formed by two perpendicular metal plates. Only the correct positioning of the trowel creates the straight and well-finished surface of these specific spaces.

How to pass pasta with paint roller

For many people, using the classic tools of masons can be a challenge. In this case, it is possible to count on a more practical and well-known option: to use spackle using a paint roller!

A paint roller will demand that the spackle be softer than the ordinary. Thus, the consumer needs to dump the product in a large container. Then, you should mix water with the material, until it gets a soft consistency. Attention: soft consistency, but not watery. Just enough that the ink roller can absorb the product.

The following steps are even simpler. Dip the roller in the container with the spackle and pass it on the wall as if using ordinary paint. It is necessary to do several coats, but do not wait for drying for a long time.

If the wall is large, only the time to finish it with one coat is usually enough to dry the top of the surface.

After these coats, apply a squeegee over the wall, without applying too much pressure. A common squeegee, like the one you use to clean the house. This step will level the dimension.

Using the paint roller to pass the spackle makes it more difficult to create textures. But not impossible. You can create a “stippled” aspect of the wall by pressing the roller along the entire length.

Thus, you will create higher and lower points, which will change the look of the decoration. Remember not to level the surface in this case. If your goal, however, is to obtain more striking textures, the solution is the traditional method for applying the dough.

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How much? How much?

The cost for applying the putty varies according to a number of factors. First, in relation to who is going to carry out the work. If you are responsible for it, there will be no cost.

However, if it is necessary to hire a professional, it will be necessary to pay a certain amount. The amount charged by professionals varies according to the region of the country, but is usually around R $ 7 per m². The cost doubles if the same professional will perform the painting.

The price of pasta varies according to the type of product. A can of PVA, with 18 liters, can be found for approximately R $ 75.

Now that you know how to put pasta in your home, get the best material and invest in your renovation!

Questions and answers about Massa Corrida

What is the number of sandpaper for spackle?

The larger the weight of a sandpaper, the finer it is, and the finer the finish obtained by it. Therefore, it is often indicated to use more than sandpaper. A 120, for example, is ideal for the first care of the surface, removing thicker burrs. Then, the use of nu00ba 220 sandpaper is recommended, so that the surface has a delicate result. Sandpaper weighing 150, 180, 240, 260, 280 and others are equally interesting.

It is always important to use new sandpapers, as they are easier to adhere to the surface and level it. For finishing, it is also necessary that the sandpaper be used in circular movements. Thus, it is simpler to remove badly dented parts and ensure a smooth surface.

What is the mass yield?

The yield of the spackle varies according to the manufacturer of the product. Therefore, before purchasing it, it is important to check the packaging of the material. A Suvinil PVA mass, for example, has a yield of 40 to 50 mu00b2 per coat.

It is quite common for the yield to appear on the packaging with the measure of mu00b2. Therefore, it is necessary to know the size of the space in which the mass will be applied. Thus, you will have greater security of how much you need to acquire the material.

For this calculation, just multiply the width by the height of the surface to be massaged, be it the ceiling or the wall. Then add up all the calculated areas, and you will know how many square meters you will need to cover with the product.

Now you know how to put pasta on the walls and ceiling of your property. What are you waiting for to start the work?

How to recover mass that became hard?

Before introducing you to how to spread pasta, it is important to highlight some important points about the product. Thus, you will be prepared for unforeseen events and even for the proper purchase of materials for construction work.

To begin with, you need to know that not all of the mass gained is used in one go. The product has great performance, and so it is common that part of it is over at the end of the work. Stored for a while, then, the dough tends to harden, and you need to soften it before using it again.

It is not difficult to recover the hardened mass, but the process requires dedication. After all, the softening of the material is not immediate. In this case, it is necessary to start by drilling the hard mass with the tip of a screwdriver. This will divide the product into several pieces, which should be approximately the size of marbles.

Then, pour 1/4 cup of hot water into the dough can. Carefully, then, you should use the screwdriver to mix the product, piercing the pieces so that they become even smaller.

Then, it is necessary to use a putty knife, that is, a stainless steel or steel spatula, with a wooden or plastic handle. The screed mixer will help to break the dough stones. It is necessary to stir the product until all the pieces disappear.

If the hot water used is insufficient, you can apply a little more of the liquid. Just remember to add it little by little. Otherwise, there is a risk that the dough will be too soft. The final consistency of the product must be flexible, but thick enough so that it does not run on the trowel, even when applied to the wall.

What to pass first: sealer or spackle?

With the right plaster, it will be possible to obtain a smooth and well-finished wall. In this case, the use of the sealer becomes optional.

Generally, the sealer is applied to a wall that will not receive a spackle. Thus, the paint applied afterwards is not absorbed too much by the surface. The use of pasta, however, eliminates this need. Therefore, the application of the sealer, both before and after the dough, is at the consumer’s discretion.

What is the number of sandpaper for spackle?

The larger the weight of sandpaper, the finer it is, and the finer the finish obtained by it. Therefore, it is often indicated to use more than sandpaper. A 120, for example, is ideal for the first care of the surface, removing thicker burrs. Then, the use of sandpaper No. 220 is indicated, so that the surface has a delicate result. Sandpaper weighing 150, 180, 240, 260, 280 and others are equally interesting.

It is always important to use new sandpapers, as they are easier to adhere to the surface and level it. For finishing, it is also necessary that the sandpaper be used in circular movements. Thus, it is simpler to remove badly dented parts and ensure a smooth surface.

What is the mass yield?

The yield of the spackle varies according to the manufacturer of the product. Therefore, before purchasing it, it is important to check the packaging of the material. A Suvinil PVA putty, for example, has a yield of 40 to 50 m² per coat.

It is quite common for the yield to appear on the packaging with the measurement of m². Therefore, it is necessary to know the size of the space in which the mass will be applied. Thus, you will have greater security of how much you need to acquire the material.

For this calculation, just multiply the width by the height of the surface to be massaged, be it the ceiling or the wall. Then add up all the calculated areas, and you will know how many square meters you will need to cover with the product.

Now you know how to put pasta on the walls and ceiling of your property. What are you waiting for to start the work?

How to recover mass that became hard?

Before introducing you to how to spread pasta, it is important to highlight some important points about the product. Thus, you will be prepared for unforeseen events and even for the proper purchase of materials for construction work.

To begin with, you need to know that not all of the mass gained is used in one go. The product has great performance, and so it is common that part of it is over at the end of the work. Stored for a while, then, the dough tends to harden, and you need to soften it before using it again.

It is not difficult to recover the hardened mass, but the process requires dedication. After all, the softening of the material is not immediate. In this case, it is necessary to start by drilling the hard mass with the tip of a screwdriver. This will divide the product into several pieces, which should be approximately the size of marbles.

Then, pour 1/4 cup of hot water into the dough can. Carefully, then, you should use the screwdriver to mix the product, piercing the pieces so that they become even smaller.

Then, it is necessary to use a putty knife, that is, a stainless steel or steel spatula, with a wooden or plastic handle. The screed mixer will help to break the dough stones. It is necessary to stir the product until all the pieces disappear.

If the hot water used is insufficient, you can apply a little more of the liquid. Just remember to add it little by little. Otherwise, there is a risk that the dough will be too soft. The final consistency of the product must be flexible, but thick enough so that it does not run on the trowel, even when applied to the wall.

What to pass first: sealer or spackle?

With the right plaster, it will be possible to obtain a smooth and well-finished wall. In this case, the use of the sealer becomes optional.

Generally, the sealer is applied to a wall that will not receive a spackle. Thus, the paint applied afterwards is not absorbed too much by the surface. The use of pasta, however, eliminates this need. Therefore, the application of the sealer, both before and after the dough, is at the consumer’s discretion.

Do you have to pass the sealer before the spackle?

The use of the sealer, as we said above, is optional, but if used it must be applied before the putty, especially if the wall has already been painted once, or if it is going to have direct contact with moisture.

Normally, this step is performed with the paint roller and the surface should be allowed to dry for 4 hours, or the time indicated by the manufacturer.

How long do you have to wait to sand the spackle?

It is recommended to wait 24 hours until the first layer is dry, then apply a new coat on the surface, allowing it to dry in approximately 3 hours. Then, just sand the wall with fine sandpaper, clean it and apply the desired paint.