Having plants indoors is a great option in many situations. As if you have little space, especially in an apartment. Or if you prefer to use your backyard for other purposes, but would love to have more contact with nature. Despite being a great alternative, however, investing in indoor plants is something that deserves care.
The first care to be taken to have nature indoors is to plan your time. Although some plants hardly need care, they will always require water, pruning and fertilizer at some point. So, if you don’t have the time, or the disposition, it is unlikely that growing a vegetable will be a good experience.
If you, on the other hand, consider cultivation a hobby, something to relax, you will have another main concern: which plant to choose? There are many alternatives, but each has its own particularities. Some, for example, need the sun to develop. Others are content with low light, while some similar ones almost loathe heat.
How to choose the ideal plant?
The first step in choosing the ideal plant for your home is to consider where it will be positioned. At the entrance to the property? In a dark or light space? Does the place contain large vegetables or just small ones?
In addition to these characteristics of size and light, it is essential to avoid proximity between plants and electronic equipment. After all, this proximity could be a problem for both: the humidity of the vegetable can damage the device, and its electricity can cause the leaves to heat up.
It is also important to choose a place where the plant is protected from the cold. Even vegetables that thrive in cold environments can be harmed by the very low temperature.
Very dry air is also a problem. The leaves of many plants turn yellow, and end up not developing in a healthy way. Therefore, it is necessary to avoid both low humidity environments and those with air conditioning. Cooling equipment is very harmful to vegetables.
Putting green in high traffic spaces can also be a problem. After all, constant human contact, the touch of individuals, can “hurt” the leaves. Children, for example, love to play with plants, and can hinder their growth if they have easy access to them.
Other care for indoor cultivation
Each specimen still requires a specific base. Some plants develop only when they have space to grow vertically, that is, on the walls. Others grow in pots, with or without a specific base, such as charcoal-based. Those with deeper roots usually require wider space directly on the ground.
In the case of the use of vases, care should be taken when choosing their size. Small plants require small pots; the large, larger vessels. If poorly chosen, the pot may offer more or less than the plant needs. Thus, it will not be able to grow fully. That is, the container must always be proportional to the vegetable.
For decoration, a great option is to make a mix of plants in the same space. Some vegetables, however, do not “get along” together, and can “steal” each other’s nutrients. If well combined, however, they can create a very beautiful effect. In this case, it is important to talk to a landscaper and indicate your preferences. He will be able to tell you if the chosen plants can grow together and in a healthy way.
In any case, it is important to reflect on the positioning of these plants together. The big difference in size or colors is not the best bet, as it can create a cluttered aspect to the garden.
Finally, plants should be chosen with the safety of animals and children in mind. There are many species that are harmful when ingested, or even touched. This can harm children and animals, who are curious and will be interested in getting to know the vegetables more closely. For this reason, one should know the properties of the plant better before inserting it in the garden.
Advantages of indoor plants
Having plants indoors offers several advantages to the home. For starters, green adds a lot to the decor. In addition to being beautiful, the vegetables are able to give new life to the environments, with varied and bright colors. If the choice is for the flowers, it is still possible to take advantage of their perfume, which creates a delicate and cozy environment. The combination with vases is still a great way to fill hitherto tasteless and / or empty spaces.
Another benefit is the improvement of indoor air. No matter how small the plant, it will perform photosynthesis. It is through this process that the plant obtains energy to stay alive. During it, the specimen absorbs carbon dioxide, which makes the atmosphere polluted, and releases pure oxygen. Soon, individuals begin to breathe a more pure and healthy atmosphere.
In addition, there is well-being promoted by simple contact with nature. For many people, green brings a sense of peace, of renewal, and gives new life to the routine. So, having plants indoors will be a constant reminder of that well-being.
Indoor Plant Species
For those who think that the list of plants to grow indoors is small, it is because they do not know all of them yet. We have made a list of 32 species that you can choose from. Learn more about the characteristics of each one and choose the one that best suits your space.
Sword of Saint George
The São Jorge Lance has vertical and cylindrical leaves. It is best suited to stay in the corners of the rooms. Because it is very resistant, it can be planted in pots or in stone gardens. Remember to irrigate it once every two weeks, spraying the water on the leaves.
This type is also known as Echeveria. It is a plant that has a shape very similar to a flower. Watering should also be done every two weeks and without directing the water directly over it, spraying the leaves. She likes the sun a lot, so choose to place it in the brightest part of your home.
Mini cacti are super popular in the world of decoration, as they do not require much care and fit in any space. They don’t need a lot of sun or water. To find out if it is time to water it, check the land, if it is dry, it is the right time. It will probably be a week apart. A very important tip is to be careful with the thorns, they are very thin and difficult to remove from the skin.
This plant is originally from China and has thin and long stems, such as bamboo. Its growth is slow and should be grown in places with half-shade and watered weekly. It is perfect in living rooms, combining with a light, tropical and oriental decor.
The violet is planted in small pots and should be placed in places with indirect sunlight. This small plant looks amazing in many environments, as it has a wide variety of colors. Decorate tables and window sills. Remember that watering should be done two to three times a week.
Begonia will bring more life to your home. It is a colorful plant and should be planted in pots. He likes low-light environments and should be watered two to three times a week, but check the humidity of the land to be sure.
The water stick is a more rustic plant, combining with this decorative style. You do not need to be exposed to direct sunlight and your watering should be two to three times a week. For a healthier plant, spray the leaves with water.
For those looking for a resistant plant, this is the right choice. She doesn’t really like the sun, so put it in half-shade or in places with low light. Water it once a week. And a very important thing to know, zamioculca is poisonous, so it must be kept out of the reach of children and pets.
A kind of palm tree to have indoors. The sleek, elegant tree is less than two meters tall and can be planted in pots. It looks amazing in winter gardens or homerooms with a high ceiling. It likes a lot of humidity and should be watered up to four times a week. Opt for half-shade environments.
The fan palm has a very beautiful and striking foliage. It needs indirect light and moist soil, so remember to irrigate it up to four times a week, and spray water on the leaves every day.
This plant is tropical and very showy. Its leaves have white or lime green edges, which guarantee an incredible look. Water it regularly, as the pleomele is very fond of moisture. Prefer to place it in low light environments or where the sunlight is not direct.
The peace lily has characteristic white leaves that do not like direct sunlight because they can burn. Place it in shady places and irrigate it at least three times a week. This is a toxic plant and should be kept away from children and animals.
The areca palm has an elegant, ringed and showy foliage. It grows very well when exposed to the sun, but prefers places in half shade because it does better in colder places. Remember to water it regularly.
Anthurium blends perfectly with indoor locations in poor lighting. It is usually planted in pots and has a color that stands out. Remember that poor lighting does not mean dark, because dark areas hinder your growth. Because it likes a lot of humidity, it should be watered up to 4 times a week.
The boa has bright leaves that alternate according to the maturity of the plant. It likes light and can be cultivated with direct light, however, it is better with places in half-shade. Its irrigation must be constant and it is part of the group of toxic plants, so keep it out of the reach of children and pets.
This plant is also poisonous, however, its foliage is very showy and will decorate any environment very well. Your land must always be moist, so water it frequently. Also, place it in half-shade environments.
The pacová is typical of trocal regions and its leaves are shiny. It needs to be grown in half shade. Also known as aloe vera, it should not be confused with aloe vera, as it is different and requires other care.
With a heart shaped leaf, it is very easy to be recognized. His country of origin is Brazil and needs to be kept out of direct sunlight, but the environment needs to be clear. Remember to water it every time the land is dry.
Bromeliad has complementary tones, such as red that contrasts with the dark green. It requires indirect lighting so as not to burn your leaves. Always water it every two days.
Jade brings joy to the environment and looks like a mini-tree. Its growth is slower, but to grow healthy, it needs direct sunlight for at least part of the day. Do not leave your soil too moist, watering once a week, thus, you will keep its leaves with a bluish-green tone.
Lucky bamboo doesn’t like light very much, but it loves moisture. It is ideal for bathrooms, which are usually darker. Water it constantly. A perfect plant for those looking for good energy.
Azalea needs direct light, so place it near the window. Irrigation should take place on an average of every two days. Its colors will delight you, as it has a variety, such as pink, red and white.
Also known as café-de-parlor, it can reach 40 centimeters in height. It needs to be well irrigated and have a land rich in organic matter. He prefers warm places and will leave any room better decorated.
This shrub has thin leaves and can reach 2.50 meters in height, when female. If it is male, it can reach up to 5 meters and has oval leaves. Therefore, it is indicated for locations with high direct feet. To contain the foliage, it can receive regular pruning. Put it in half-shaded places and remember to irrigate it frequently.
Begonias are small and can grow up to 30 centimeters. If you like flowers all year round, this is the ideal plant. It can be red, yellow, pink, salmon and white colors. Its succulent foliage can be green or reddish. Water it frequently.
The cactus needs a lot of sun, so choose to place it near the window, where there is direct light. Water it once a week or every fifteen days, check the land to be sure.
Cyclanto, also known as Mapuá, is a shrub that can reach 1.80 meters. However, when grown in a pot, it develops less. Watering should be constant, as he likes moist soil. If you live in colder places, choose another species, because the Cyclant does not support cold climates and frosts.
This herbaceous measures 15 to 20 centimeters in height. It has a foliage in a shade of dark green or in the variation with variegation, its green leaves have white or yellowish bands. In summer, it presents small, white leaves. To grow healthy, you need a soil rich in organic matter and moist. It is a species that tolerates low temperatures.
The croton is also a shrub. Its leaves are showy thanks to the colors and shapes. This species cannot be pruned, as it will damage its shape. It is a toxic species, little indicated for houses with animals, and requires good soil drainage.
Orchids are very famous and like fresh places and protected from direct light. They like the morning sun rays. Irrigation needs to be balanced, so as not to soak or dehydrate it. The soil needs to be moist, watering it one to three times a week depending on the season.
Raffis is a lush palm tree, ideal for vases in interiors with a more rustic decor. It requires little care and can be pruned very carefully so as not to deform it.
The fern grows from 40 to 70 centimeters. Its foliage is very long. It is a plant that does not like direct sunlight and loves humidity, so irrigation must be constant.
To choose the best plant for your indoor environment, talk to a landscaper. He will be able to indicate other beautiful varieties that do not need the sun. This way, your garden will be even more perfect!